Monday, September 26, 2011

Music of Indonesia

The music of Indonesia is the result of unity in different diverse cultural influences. Indonesia is composed of 13,000 or more islands. Each place has its own cultural variety over the other. Foreign exposure shaped Indonesia's music, but even with these western influence still we can say that Indonesia is successful in preserving its culture by educating their young and fostering nationalism among their people.


The Indonesian Scale

There are Two Indigenous scale system in Indonesian Music

The Slendro Scale 
( 5 tone Scale or Pentatonic)



                                             

Imagine this the pentatonic scale is made up of 5 tones only, the easiest way to find it is by playing all the black keys in any order, in any duration, and in any combination. The pentatonic scale has a 1-2-3-5-6 pattern.
To find the pentatonic key on the white keys is easy. It starts with C-D-E-G-A.
Almost all indigenous music follows the pentatonic scale. Limited yet unique in sound.




The Pelog Scale
( 7 tone system or western scale)

                               


The Pelog scale is the western scale of Indonesia, this is much pleasing to the ear almost unlimited in tones.
Most of today's music are built on these scales. Try playing from C to C then we get the Pelog Scale.

Monday, May 30, 2011

Music: Functions and Uses

Functions and Uses of Music


Music is for worshiping the Almighty.
  •  Music has been used in religious and spiritual activities, it transforms the overall person by making him more close to his God. 

 

In this example the Catholic Church through the Gregorian Chant always use this style of music to solemnize their worship.

Tuesday, February 15, 2011

Music of Korea

Historical Background 
A.D. 285 – Metal percussion instruments existed in Korea
Instruments have been used in thanksgiving festivals in autumn harvest and other occasions
Musical Instruments Grouping
Musical Instruments are grouped based on the material from which the instruments are made and type of music in which they were used.
Passion in their Music
Koreans like the Japanese and Chinese are very passionate about music especially when playing their musical instrument:
1.By playing songs expressively
2.Singing with their heart
Basically there are 60 korean musical instruments:
14 chordophones
17 aerophones
16 membranophones
13 idiophones
However 15 are not used anymore because it is outdated and discontinuance of used in the ceremonies 
Musical Instruments of Korea  
Aerophones
P’iri
Cylindrical bamboo similar to an oboe blown through a    double reed mouthpiece


Wednesday, November 24, 2010

The Classical Period


The Classical Period 

1750-1820

Highlights of this Period
  • ·         Benjamin Franklin “discovers” electricity.
  • ·          American Revolution
  • ·         George Washington inaugurated as the first President of the US
  • ·          French Revolution
  • ·         Napoleon crowns himself Emperor.
  • ·         Middle Class rose to power.
  • ·         Democracy was established and the reigning aristocrats and clergy started to decline in power.
  • ·         The Rise of Concerts and other musical forms
  • ·         Vienna Austria became the music capital of the world
The Classical Period is the known to be the “ Age of Enlightenment”, in which most of the inspiration comes from the aesthetic ideas of Ancient Greece and Rome. It affected the way of thinking of the people during this time from Religion, Science and Government.

Characteristic of the Classical style compared to the baroque style
Characteristic
Baroque
Classical
Mood
Conveys a single emotion
Fluctuation in moods, sometimes it is dramatic, carefree, happy, sad that may lead to a delightful  music
Rhythm
Minimal patterns of rhythmic movement
Classical music is mixed up in terms of rhythm, with unexpected pauses, syncopation, variations of long and short tones. The introduction of ritardando, and accelerandos.
Texture
Polyphonic Texture
Wide use of texture from homophonic usually heard in concertos to polyphonic texture in the symphony orchestra.
Melody
Baroque melodies are hard
Easy to remember and to sing
Dynamic
Used of terraced dynamics
Loud and Soft
Wide use of dynamics and Introduction of Crescendo and decrescendo.
Accompaniment
Basso Continuo
Most music was written for amateurs who had not mastered the basso continuo.


Musical Developments

The Rise of Concerts